Kawah Ijen. (Ijen Crater)

Ijen Crater LakeIf you do travel by plane from Surabaya to Denpasar, you will see spectacular scenery at the altitude of 30.000ft from the plane's window. You will see a bluish-green lake that contrasts with the views of the surrounding that have color green jade . Ijen crater lake is located on Mount Ijen, East Java, Indonesia.

Ijen Crater lies at an altitude of 2368 meters above sea level. What is interesting is situated in the middle of this crater is the largest caldera on the island of Java. Caldera size of about 20 kilometers. Size crater itself is around 960 meters x 600 meters with a depth of 200 meters. This crater is located at a depth of more than 300 meters below the caldera wall.

View Ijen Crater Lake in a larger map
This crater has a very high acidity level that is close to zero so that it can dissolve human body quickly. In addition, the temperature of the crater that reached 200 degrees centigrade increase amazed by this huge crater. However, behind the numbers that make these fears, it turns out this crater also presents a fascinating charm of beauty.

Ijen Crater Lake Enchantment
Ijen Crater LakeIjen crater lake is a large lake bluish green (hujau Tosca) with a mist of sulfur which is very fascinating. The air around the crater Ijen usually reach 10 degrees Celsius temperature can sometimes reach 2 degrees Celsius. In addition you can also see all sorts of plants commonly grown in upland areas such as flowers and pine mountain edelweiss.


Ijen Crater LakeIn the morning when the sun began to shine crater area, you will see the beautiful reflection of the golden sunlight reflecting in the lake's green these Tosca. In addition, you can also see the incredible view of Mount Merapi, a nearby mountain Ijen. Because that's the best time to witness the beauty of the Ijen crater in the morning.


Sulfur mining traditionally.
Ijen crater LakeOne that caught the attention of visitors to the region crater is the presence of traditional sulfur miners. They boldly approached the lake to dig sulfur with simple equipment and then carried by the basket.
This sulfur miners take sulfur from the bottom of the crater. Smoke is thick here, but with the degree necessary equipment such as gloves masks, they are still looking for molten sulfur. Molten sulfur is obtained from the pipe leading source of sulfur-containing volcanic gases. This gas flowed through the pipe and went out in the form of molten sulfur are red. Once frozen sulfur yellow.
Ijen Crater Lake
After the sulfur is cut, the miners would carry it through the path. Carried a heavy load between 80 to 100 kg. The miners are accustomed to bear this heavy burden as he walked the path on the caldera cliffs as far as three kilometers down the mountain.



Towards Ijen
You can reach the crater through two alternative routes. Here is a route frequently used by our visitors Ijen:

Banyuwangi
This route is more difficult to pass due to poor road conditions. Commonly used by climbers for climbing route of Mount Ijen. This route can be reached from Banyuwangi, then headed to Licin(name of place that have meaning Slippery District). From Licin headed to Jambu then to Patulding. From Patulding you walk through the trail and the caldera cliffs as far as two kilometers to the crater. The total mileage of this route is 38 kilometers.
Bondowoso
This route is more easily passed for a good road conditions and relatively smooth. This route can be taken from Bondowoso, then headed Wonosari, then to Sempol and finally to Patulding. From Patulding you walk through the trail and the caldera cliff as far as two kilometers to the crater. This route mileage is 70 miles with views of pine forest coffee trees and charming.
You can reach Bondowoso and Banyuwangi by public transportation from Surabaya. Distance from Surabaya to Banyuwangi or Bondowoso approximately about 200 kilometers. For security reasons, the crater was closed starting at 14 o'clock because the intensity of the toxic fumes of sulfur increases after that hour.

Wow..To much reason to be traveling lovers. Whatever the reason let's go around the world. :astig:


Source :
from many source, I have forgot it. sorry.

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